Building a frame work for skill development
(BACI’s intervention to transform unskilled workforce in to productive Skill Workforce in the Construction Sector)
Bangladesh Association of Construction Industry (BACI) as a major stake holder is playing a pivotal role in the infrastructural development of the country. The construction sector has been perceived as an informal industrial sector which has been currently experiencing a transition from traditional construction technique to modern technology based construction practices. Like other sectors, it faces acute shortages of skilled workers mainly due to sectors sustained growth and non-stop global migration of skilled workers. It is estimated that 70% workers in the construction sector are unskilled. As such, BACI felt the prime need to lunch a nationwide skill reformation movement is essential, guided by the right type of training from industry – specific skills that are strategically integrated to fulfil the prevailing the skill gap in labour market. It is recognized that involvement of BACI in skill training sector either through partnership or developing owned training centre in the construction sector will produce immense benefit to grow skill manpower or contribute to minimize present skill gap. Besides, it will play a role model as training providers of skill development in the labour market of the construction sector of the country and international arena. Bangladesh has witnessed its best times in terms of economic growth in the last decade or, so, speeding on its way to lower middle income status. Government of Bangladesh also realized that it is the most opportune moment for innovative growth by efficiently focusing on the skills gaps various sectors including construction. Aligned with the realization, to invest heavily in human resource development guided by right kind of training in chosen
sector. As such, GoB decided to start Skill for Employment Investment Programs (SEIP) to cater the growing skill need to reduce the prevailing skill gap for more productivity. The present government has outlined its plans for the progress and development of Bangladesh in the Vision 2021 program. It pledges to combat poverty by building a Digital Bangladesh and obtain the status of middle-income country by 2021. The government also recognizes that there is a huge demand for skilled manpower at home and abroad, and that there is a possibility for increased demand in the future. It has therefore emphasized the production of more skilled manpower for work abroad. It envisages that all new entrants to the work force will be trained formally to enhance their knowledge, skills, and creativity to achieve nearly full employment by 2021. The government has also envisioned that both the public and private sectors will expand the network of quality vocational training institutes to ensure full-scale vocational training
with adequate practical exposure. The BACI-SEIP project supports the Government of Bangladesh’s (GoB) reforms in skills development articulated in the National Skill Development Policy (NSDP) and National Education Policy (NEP). The project will help the government to scale-up skilling of new entrants and up-skilling of existing workers to increase productivity of its labor force, which will lead to increase in average household incomes and contribute to accelerating economic growth in priority sectors.
Acknowledging BACI as the most potential association providing valuable contributions in the infrastructural development of the country, the Govt. entrusted BACI to implement the Skills for Employment Investment Program (SEIP) project for construction sector. BACI signed an agreement (MOU) with SEIP Project, under the umbrella of SDCMU, Ministry of Finance, Government of Bangladesh on February 25, 2015 to implement Skills for Employment Investment Program (SEIP) with a grant assistance of Tk. 109, 33, 78,930/- (One hundred and nine core thirty three lacs seventy eight thousand & nine hundred thirty) provided mainly by Asian Development Bank (ADB) targeting total 30,335 trainees in two segments (Tranche -1 (2015-December 2017) and 17,225 Trache-2 (January 2018-December 2020).
Expected benefit to the sector through the trainees
Most of the existing work force is carried out work without having any training. They lack of workmanship. As a result, quality of construction has been suffering to produce quality product. If the cost benefit analysis of particular product (building) is reviewed at the present context, then it may conclude that the cost of building is relatively high because of involving inefficient & less-skilled workers in different occupational trade. System loss in terms of man & materials due to lack of skilled workforce results in high cost of constructing building, roads and other infrastructure development process. Construction sector will have manifold benefit through the trained trainees that will reduce skill gap, improve efficiency of workmanship, minimize wastage, reduce cost of building and ensure quality of work. More specifically it will fulfill the following basic proposes in the construction sector
• A pool of quality skilled labor force with technical knowledge and hands on practical experience will be available in construction sector on various trade occupations to cater the growing demand of skilled workers of construction industry in both domestic and overseas employment market. Trained workers will get more wages which will directly contribute in the national GDP.
• Improving the productivity of the construction sector through skill training and thus contributing to the development of infrastructure in the country.
• Strengthening the capacity of the construction sector to provide more market driven skill training and thus create employment opportunity for trained work-force.
i. Provide/improve job focused skills along with up-skilling of the existing workforce to enhance productivity and growth of construction industry sectors.
ii. Impart skills training linked to gainful employment or self-employment.
iii. Develop a dynamic linkage & network of training providers that are endorsed by Construction industry for providing excellence of training to meet the skills needs of employers.
iv. Ensure gainful Job placement of the trained graduates and local and overseas job market.
v. Develop own training center for Implement a vocational trainer development program for trainers and assessors and a management.
Courses offered by BACI for Skill development in the Construction Sector
BACI has been implementing training courses through 30 partner institutions (38 training locations) including one own training institution located at various regions of Bangladesh. The training institutes are decentralized in a way with the objective(s) to reach the benefit of the skill training at the door step of the community people. District wise outsourced training institutes are as follows:
At the end of the course, all trainees gone through formative and summative assessment system. At the institute level, formative assessment is conducted by the trainer after 15 days to judge the acquired competency level & the improvement of the trainees following the assessment guide line which consists of written, demonstration and viva. According to the performance of the trainees, the trainer provides feedback on the task performed, which help the trainees to develop his/her occupation specific skills. Summative assessment conducted by the industrial external assessor after the end of the training course. In the summative assessment process, the trainees gone through assessment following written practical/demonstration test and viva based on learning unit of each competency that allow to identify underpinning and evidence based which can help the assessor to have fair, valid, reliable and flexible assessment. Each assessor is allowed to conduct 9 assessment per day to ensure quality assurance. Considering above process, trainees declared as competent or not competent. BACI and Training institutions jointly issue certificate of completion.
Glimpses of the progress & achievement at a Glance
BACI targeted to provide training for 13005 of trainees in construction sector through market led training on 7 trades and 3 management courses for first phase of the project Tranche-1 (April 2015 -December 2017). Against this target, it has fully achieved all targeted activities within the time frame. So far, it has enrolled 13,110 no. of trainees exceeding the target. Out of which 11,448 were certified
and 9957 entered in gainful job in the different construction industry. The percentage of job placement was 76% which is above the target 60% set by ADB. Average dropout rate was 3% (388) throughout the project cycle. The following bar diagram will give more over view of success of BACI in developing skill manpower in the construction sector. The overall performance of current phase (Tranche -2) which has been started from January 2018 up to September 2018 was found satisfactory. BACI has enrolled 4605 and 4537 (98%) certified and ensured job placement 2435 (54%) and still 3 months’ time available to fulfil the expected Job placement target. The average dropout rate up to September was 1.47% which was blow 3%. This was possible due to continuous monitoring and supervision from the Project Implementation Unit (PIU) and Project Standing Committee (PSC) members headed by the president of BACI.
Skill Development Institute (SDI)
A new horizon for BACI in skill development for Human Resource Development (HRD)
BACI developed Skill Development Institute (SDI) in a rented building located at Maghbazar, Dhaka and subsequently it will be transferred to its own building on the land at UTTARA allotted by RAJUK, Ministry of Housing and Public Works, Govt. of Bangladesh. BACI received possession of land from RAJUK. Task force was formed comprising of board members & SEIP representative for preparation of business plan for the new training institute Architectural drawing and design and layout is prepared and submitted to SEIP for review. The Training Centre will emerge as a Centre of Excellence for the providing skills training in the construction sector of the country in Bangladesh.
Objective of SDI
• Providing improved Job focused skills along with up-skilling of the existing work forceto enhance productivity and growth of Industry.
• Impart skills training linked to gainful employment or self-employment.
• Develop networking and linkage with training providers that are endorsed by industry for providing excellence of training to meet the skills need of employers.
• Implement a vocational trainer development program for trainers and assessors and management leadership programs for training providers management.
• Support the training providers for capacity development to ensure quality training delivery mechanism.
Competency Based Curriculum Standard & Training Courses
SDI has been offering construction related competency based trade and management course developed by SEIP. The duration of training programs for trade course is three months (360 hrs) and management course is two months (80 hrs). Courses curriculum of management courses has been revised and up dated by SEIP and duly accredited gradually, the training programs will be shifted from modular based to competency based aligning with NTVQF level. The trade related training course ensures delivery of occupational health safety (OHS),OHS practice, hazard identification and control. Management relatedc ourses ensures demand driven approach to training with an objective to enhance the skill of existing workforce employed in various construction related industries to improve their knowledge, skills directly contributes to increase the productivity. At present 200 trainees are attending training course on different trades.
3D View of Skill Development Institute
Courses offers at SDI
BTEB recognition of SDI as RPL Centre
Recognition of Prior Leaning center (RPL). As recognition of quality training providers in the different occupation trades in construction sectors, Bangladesh Technical Education Board (BTEB) treated SDI, BACI as a recognized centre for RPL where SDI is allowed to conduct test examination & issue certificate for those who have already acquired skills in construction related trades occupation informally without having any recognition. At present SDI is offering RPL exclusively for masonry, steel binding & fabrication, plumbing, electrical installation and maintenance.
Certificate giving ceremony chaired by Abul Maal Abdul Muhith, Minister of Finance at BTTDC, Sylhet
Case study of successful graduate